After creating a new Test, it will be necessary in most cases to set various properties for the assessment and its individual parts. There are four levels in which properties may be assigned: the Test level, the Test part level, the Section level, and the Item level. These properties will appear in the Properties Panel on the right when you click on the appropriate properties icon (depicted as three interacting gears).
The Test level properties icon can be found in the Test bar at the top of the canvas. Test part level properties icons can be found in each grey Test part bar, while Section level properties icons will be found on the same line as the section label. Item level properties icons can be found next to the item's label.
1. Click on the Test level properties icon.
This brings up four panels on the right: general properties, Time Limits, Scoring and Outcome Declarations.
In the general properties, the Identifier box should normally be left as it is, though it is editable. However, the test Title can be renamed to make it easier for the Test-taker to identify.
In the Time Limits you can set a time limit for tests at either the item level or the test level. To limit the amount of time the test-taker has to complete the test, enter the maximum duration (in hours, minutes, and seconds). If late submissions are to be accepted, check the Late submission allowed box. If the duration is to be strictly enforced (i.e. no late submissions are allowed), leave this unchecked.
See the section on Scoring Rules for more information on Scoring and Outcome Declarations.
2. Click on the Test part level properties icon.
This brings up three panels on the right: a general properties panel, an Item Session Control panel, and a Time Limits panel.
In the general properties panel, the Identifier box should be renamed as appropriate.
The Navigation box, or how the test-taker is allowed to answer questions, should be selected as either linear (first question first, second question second, etc.) or non-linear (can be answered in any order).
Select the Submission mode as either individual (submitted response by response) or simultaneous (submitted on completion of the test part) by clicking in the appropriate box.
In the Item Session Control Panel, set the following four properties:
Set Max Attempts to the number of attempts the test-taker may have (the default setting 0 permits an unlimited number of attempts).
Check the Show Feedback box if the test-taker should see the modal feedback after completing this test part.
Check the Allow Comment box if the test-taker may provide explanations for responses, or leave feedback for the test.
If configured on the server, the Allow Skipping box will be visible. This setting will allow the test-taker to pass on answering questions within the test part if checked.
Check the Validate responses box if only responses which are valid should be accepted. If this box is checked, constraints governing the test-taker's response (such as if the minimum and maximum choices specified for that question have been given) will be checked before the test-taker can proceed to the next question.
The time limits section is similar in nature to the time limits section for the test level properties, except that the settings apply to the current test part only.
3. Click on the Section level properties icon.
This brings up eight panels on the right: general properties, Test Navigation, Navigation Warnings, Test-taker Tools, Selection properties, Ordering, Item Session Control, and Time Limits. The last two panels are the same as the last two in the test part properties, while the first six panels differ from previous levels.
Note: In the Premium Edition of TAO, tests can be configured at section level to provide test-takers with the option of hearing the test content as well as reading it. This text-to-speech functionality allows the test-taker to hear the test questions, or parts of them, read aloud. See the chapter on Enabling text-to-speech for more information.
The general properties include an identifier and title: the default name in the Identifier box should generally be maintained, while the Title can be changed to suit the test. In general, the Visible box should be checked (or else the test-taker is unable to see the section), and the Keep Together box should also be checked if it is important that the entire section be completed before moving onto the next section. Categories act as tag references, which may be displayed to the test-taker.
In the Test Navigation panel, if Enable Review Screen is checked, the review panel will appear on the left when a test-taker is taking a test. If Enable Mark for Review is checked, the test-taker has the option to flag items in the test. See the section on the Review Panel for more information on how the review panel can be used. Check Informational Item Usage if the item has been included in the test for informational purposes only. This prevents the item being treated as a question.
In the Navigation Warnings panel, check the boxes where you would like the test-taker to receive (or not receive) the warning in question.
In the Test-taker Tools panel, set the tools which should be made available to the test-taker for this section. See the section on Test-taker Tool Configuration for more information on the tools available.
The Selection panel asks if the delivered test section should include only some of the items assigned it (Enable selection), and if so, how many (Select). If With Replacement is checked while the selection mode is enabled, then questions may be repeated. Normally, they are only allowed to be used once in a Test sitting.
Ordering contains only one property setting, which is Shuffle. This setting randomizes the question order.
4. Click on the Item level properties icon.
This brings up seven panels: general properties, Test Navigation, Navigation Warnings, Test-taker Tools, Weights, Item Session Control, and Time Limits.
The last two panels are the same as the last two in both the test part and section level properties. The three panels after the general properties (Test Navigation, Navigation Warnings and Test-taker Tools) are the same as in section level properties.
Note: In the Premium Edition of TAO, the text-to-speech functionality (described above for section level properties) can be also configured at item level.
The general properties include entries for: Identifier, Reference, and Categories. It also includes check boxes to indicate if the item is Required and if it is Fixed.
The Identifier and References boxes generally do not require modification. Categories act as tag references which may be displayed to the test-taker. If the Required box is checked, the item will appear in the test, even if less than the total number of items appears in a given test (in a section where selection is enabled). If the Fixed box is checked, the item will appear in a particular order, even if the section ordering calls for shuffling. Categories are not displayed to the test-taker; typically they are used to calculate aggregate scores (e.g. on sub-domains). For more information, see the section on Scoring Rules.
In the Weights panel, the weight of that item can be adjusted. It is also possible to add further weights if you wish to enable the item to be scored in different ways for different tests. (The weight value to be used for a specific test should be selected in the Weight box in the Scoring panel in the test properties section above.)The default weight value for each item is 1. The section on Scoring Rules gives more information on weights.